Development of mobile applications
If a couple of centuries ago, in different parts of the world, people were enveloped in the Gold Rush, now we can confidently say that the modern world is completely and completely absorbed by mobile fever. Is there at least one person in your environment who does not use a smartphone? Hardly. Smartphone sales are growing at lightning speed, and manufacturing companies are investing fabulous sums in mobile technologies, their development and popularization in the market. Mobile development is a very rapidly growing area of programming, as the number of mobile devices significantly exceeds the number of personal computers, and this trend will only grow.
We continue to use mobile phones everywhere – at work, at school, at home, on vacation … The demand for mobile app developers is growing at the same rate, but unlike front-end and back-end developers, the market is not yet saturated with mobile developers, so now is the time start mastering this promising direction.
Let’s take a closer look at what is meant by the development of mobile applications and how relevant it is, who is a mobile application developer, what skills he needs to master, where to start learning and what tools are used to develop mobile applications. Also, we will tell you what stages this process consists of, what is the cost of developing applications for smartphones and how much it will pay off, we will figure out what is the salary of a mobile developer and how to make money on this for a beginner.
Mobile application developer – who is this?
Mobile developers are those people who breathe life into soulless mobile boxes, some shamans-spellcasters who speak a foreign language and can do almost anything, and sometimes it really is. But they are also the people who move progress forward, creating ever more perfect and complex programs. A good programmer is not only knowledge of languages and technologies, it is also the skills of systems thinking, since he has to create complex systems from nothing, it is also the ability to work in a team, since it is difficult to write a serious project alone, it is also the ability to communicate and understand customer to create exactly the product he wants.
A mobile application developer, aka Mobile-developer and Mobile-programmer, is a programmer who develops software applications for all kinds of mobile devices, most often for smartphones and tablets. It is with the appearance of voice and gesture interfaces on mobile devices that the profession of a mobile developer is now rightfully considered the most fashionable and in demand.
All mobile developers can be divided into two categories, depending on the software for which they create programs – iOS developers and Android developers. Specialists from the first category are considered the most profitable in the labor market, moreover, after the advent of Swift and Objective-C, creating applications for Apple has become very easy and convenient. Programmers who create applications for Android use the Java language in their activities, which is considered the most reliable for developing mobile applications for this operating system.
What are the main tasks of a mobile application developer:
creation of technical specifications (technical specifications) for the development of a mobile application;
discussion with the customer of the stages and progress of the project;
building application architecture;
work with designers;
support for mobile applications;
working with testers on debugging and testing applications;
assistance in creating instructions for working with the finished application;
placement of applications in the AppStore and Google Play Market, Amazon Appstore, Opera Mobile Store and other mobile application stores.
The career path of a mobile developer roughly looks like this: intern, junior or Junior developer of mobile applications, then Middle and Senior mobile developer (at these stages you can get the position of a team lead, that is, head of a group of developers of a certain level), project manager and head of the development department. Of course, this is what the ideal mobile developer journey looks like, but it is different for everyone.
Mobile app development – what is it?
The concept of developing mobile applications for smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices includes writing software code in order to create programs that will run on certain mobile platforms (today there are 2 main platforms for mobile operating systems – Android and iOS, and the less popular Windows Phone and Symbian). These programs and applications can be preinstalled on mobile phones, personal digital assistants, corporate digital assistants, smartphones and other mobile devices before the devices fall into the hands of the user, or they can be downloaded by users into the device directly during use.
In the process of developing a mobile application, developers should always consider how the user’s attention is limited by the screen size, how to reduce the number of keystrokes, and how to fit the necessary set of functions into the application as compactly as possible. Therefore, for mobile developers, the process of developing mobile applications is often not limited to just writing code for a given assignment; developing mobile applications includes a wider and more creative range of activities.
What services are included in the development?
Mobile application development services can also be divided depending on the platform for which the application will be created. Basic services include
- IOS app development.
- Application development for Andriod.
- Development of VR, AR, MR applications.
Many studios offer complete turnkey project creation and management. In this case, the package of services for the development of a mobile application may include:
Analysis of the task, full immersion in the project (including analysis of the competitive environment) and search for possible existing IT solutions.
Concept preparation and development of a design solution (UX / UI / IA-design), TOR (technical assignment for developers).
Development of mobile functionality.
Testing, debugging and auditing.
Application implementation (implementation, maintenance and support).
Connecting analytics, publishing an application in online application markets.
Both studios and private specialists can be asked to develop a complete package, or help with individual tasks. For example, if you already have a prepared technical assignment and a concept has been developed, and you only need to write the code part, this will be a separate independent service.
How relevant is mobile app development?
Smartphones and other mobile devices have not only become a part of our daily life, they are a full-fledged offer of us. With the help of mobile phones we not only communicate with each other, but also order goods from stores, buy tickets, book accommodation, call a taxi, use phones as navigators, photo and video cameras, reading rooms, online banks, and just as a way to have fun and while away time. According to statistics published in Datareportal, 67% of adults worldwide use smartphones every day, which is almost 5.19 billion people (out of a total population of 7.75 billion). The trend towards the transition from simple mobile devices to multifunctional smartphones is only increasing every year.
It is assumed that in the near future a person will be directly connected with his smartphone, that is, all functions and all information from our gadgets will go directly to our brain. And while many inventors are working on this, people are wasting time on seemingly useless applications such as a low-frequency wave mosquito repeller, a watermelon ripener, a bubble wrap simulator, or an app that visually transforms a smartphone screen into a glass of beer.
In short, the relevance of mobile application development is growing not only every year, but every month. Hundreds of new mobile applications are released on online platforms every day. It would seem difficult to come up with something new, but good developments in collaboration with good marketing can bring a lot of money to the creator, a clear confirmation of this is the recently sensational TikTok, whose ratings continue to grow at lightning speed.
What does a mobile app developer need to know?
A mobile app developer, like any other programmer, must have both technical skills and personal qualities for successful teamwork – soft skills. In this case, you need the following soft skills:
Structural and analytical thinking;
Creativity and creativity;
Desire and ability to self-study;
With technical skills, you will have to sweat harder, but using modern programming languages that are used to develop mobile applications for Android or iOS, it is quite possible to create your first creation in a month. You can develop some simple games and even get profit from them after monetization, but learning the profession of a mobile programmer is far from limited to this. If you go to Google Play or the AppStore, you will see that there are most of such applications, and especially in games (if you look closely, there will be 8 out of 10 such games). Every average developer can create a simple application, but in order not to stay in the ranks of the “average” one will have to work hard to create something really interesting and original, and most importantly, high-quality. To do this, you need the following skills:
CSS and HTML, Cocoa / Xcode development environments, Objective-C / C ++ programming languages, Java;
HTTP, XML, principles of object-oriented programming, DBMS;
Knowledge of Android, iOS SDK, design patterns, common libraries and architecture of iOS, Android, scripting programming languages (Ruby, Python), principles of client-server model of application interaction;
Knowledge of the requirements for application releases in the AppStore and Google Play;
Skills of working with Core Data (a proprietary local database from Apple, which is built like SQL) are in demand;
Ability to understand someone else’s code;
Proficiency in technical English.